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Browse the other subject guides on specific business topics to find additional information sources and research advice.
Formulating a Thesis Statement
Standard thesis staement for research is to formulate the 5 W's (who, what, when, where, why/how) into a PICO statement
P = Problem or major issue to be investigated
I = Intervention or the variables to be tested
C = Comparison
O = Outcome or results of the research
When we actually do the literature search, we focus on the Problem and Intervention/solution part of the hypothesis. The Comparison and Outcome/Results are omitted so both sides of the hypotheis can be found.
Literature Surveys are started with very large searches to locate a topic that large enough to have material written on it, but not so new as to have nothing. For a PhD, you will need to find an area with very little or nothing written on it, but to start with you aim for a larger topic that is interesting.
Search strategies are key to a successful search. The basic steps are as follows:
- Write a good thesis statement or a paragraph outlining the topic.
Converting legacy systems to new software and hardware requires long range project management.
(This is not particularly good since the terms are a bit fuzzy, but it illustrates the process and the diffiuclties.)
- Break the thesis statement into major concepts.
Long range planning
- Create a list of synonyms for each concept. Be sure to include both new & old buzzwords and technical terms.
legacy systems or systems or conversion (specific systems? 8 bit, 16 bit) AND
long range planning or long term planning AND
- Select the databases to search for articles.
ABI/Inform, IEEE Xplore, Compendex, ACM Guide to Computing, ACM Digital Library, other databases
- Conduct the search based on the lists of keywords and phrases for each concept.
- Evaluate the results. Checking each relevant article for additional terms or descriptors to better describe your topic concepts.
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