Login to LibApps

Physical Education: Home

A guide to research databases, websites, e-books, and other sources for physical education research.

Catalog Search

Search here for books, music, videos and journal titles:


PICO example

You are working with a third grade class with a high rate of obesity and many students at risk for type 2 diabetes. You want to incorporate regular exercise into their daily schedule but you need to be able to justify starting an after-school physical activity program to the school administration.

P = population (elementary school children at risk for developing type 2 diabetes)

I = Intervention (incorporating regular exercise into the daily schedule of the children)

C=Comparison (could be diet changes or medication)


This is a HOW question - you are looking for a solution to a problem.


For more information about PICO check out this tutorial: PICO:Research Questions for the Health Sciences!

Library Resources

Get help from a librarian - any time, any day!

Cite your sources and keep track of your references!

ASU Library subscribes to more than 500 Research Databases

ASU Librarians have developed over 1000 Library Guides

Need something ASU Library doesn't have? Use Interlibrary Loan to request it. It's fast and free!


The Role of the 5 Ws

Who, What, When, Where, Why (and How)

Researchers in most fields are looking for one of two things:

  • A cause for a problem (Why) or
  • a solution to a problem (How).

The Why or the How then becomes the I element of the PICO formula.

The P element of the PICO formula is typically the Who or the What

Ask a Librarian

Hours and Locations