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You are working with a third grade class with a high rate of obesity and many students at risk for type 2 diabetes. You want to incorporate regular exercise into their daily schedule but you need to be able to justify starting an after-school physical activity program to the school administration.
P = population (elementary school children at risk for developing type 2 diabetes)
I = Intervention (incorporating regular exercise into the daily schedule of the children)
C=Comparison (could be diet changes or medication)
This is a HOW question - you are looking for a solution to a problem.
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What is PICO?
P = Population, Problem, Process
The population doesn't need to be human
I = Intervention, Inquiry, Investigation, Improvement
C = Comparison
Current practice or opposing viewpoints
O = Outcomes
Measuring what worked best
The Role of the 5 Ws
Who, What, When, Where, Why (and How)
Researchers in most fields are looking for one of two things:
- A cause for a problem (Why) or
- a solution to a problem (How).
The Why or the How then becomes the I element of the PICO formula.
The P element of the PICO formula is typically the Who or the What
PICO Search Strategy
Using Physical Education Index, your search terms are:
This yielded 9 articles.
Conducting the same search in Sport Discus yielded 1 article.
Using PubMed and the same search yielded 6 articles.
Modifying the search in PubMed with the following terms and filters got better results: