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Primary Sources

This guide will provide access and links to the substantial and ever-growing wealth of primary sources available through ASU Library or freely-accessible through the Internet

Citing Primary Sources Found on the Web

Citing Web Sites

It is important to provide complete information about your primary source whether found in a printed source or online. The basic elements to include in a citation for a published print source are: author of the document, title of the document, title of the book if different from the document, name of editor or author of the book, place of publication, publisher, year, and page numbers. The basic elements to include in a citation for an online source are: author of the document, title of the document, title of the web site, author or producer of the web site, url, date (if given) and date accessed. Various style formats such as Chicago, MLA and APA put these elements in different order using different conventions. See the following web sites for further information and examples.

ALSO:

Citation Style Manuals Webpage - ASU Library
This page that links to many of the most popular citation style formats

Citing Primary Sources: Chicago Manual of Style ( From Library of Congress). 

Also from the Library of Congress: Citing Primary Sources: MLA 

Assembling a List of Works Cited in Your Paper - Duke University Libraries
Includes examples for both the major formats of citable materials and the respective style manual citations.

 

 

 

 

Citing Sources and Citation Management

 

Library Citation Style Manuals. This is an excellent page that links to many of the most popular citation style formats

Refworks Library Guide:  This Library guide provides step by step instructions for getting starting with Refworks and for the major ancillary features of Refworks

For an automated service to help format your citations, try:
Son of Citation Machine  from the Landmark Project. It is very easy to use and accurate.

This is a very comprehensive web page from Duke University Libraries entitled: Assembling a List of Works Cited in Your Paper.

I particularly like it because it includes examples for both the major formats of citable materials and the respective style manual citations

Evaluating Primary Sources on the Internet

Evaluating Primary Source Sites on the Internet

                  

Evaluating Primary Sources ( From American Memory)

 Using Primary Sources on the Web ( from ALA/RUSA)

How To Read a Primary Source ( from Bowdoin College)  

 Guidelines for Evaluating Historical Websites


Who: Who is the author or sponsor of the website? Is that person or organization named? Is any supporting documentation available?

What: What is the mission or purpose of the website? Is it clearly articulated? What kinds of materials are on the website? Are they properly cited and acknowledged? What is the document format on the web?

Where: Where is the site located? Is there a physical address with phone number and email address for a contact person? Does the site have a .edu, .org, or .com address?

Why: Why does the site exist? Does it have a point of view or opinion? Is it pedagogical or polemic? Does it want something from you?

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