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Global Cities

This guide is intended to support the research activities of students in Dr. Koptiuch's Global Cities course.


Tutorial:  Creating Records in Refworks for references you can't import.

Citing an Image

Citing a Printed or Physical Image


Photographer, F.M. (Photographer). (Year, month date of publication). Title of photograph[photograph]. City, State of publication: Publisher/museum.


Cartier-Bresson, H. (Photograph). (1938). Juvisy, France[photograph]. New York, NY: The Museum of Modern Art.

Note: This format is for citing images displayed in a museum or institution.
When viewing photographs or other static images in museums, a plaque near the photo will have the information that’s used in the citation.

Citing a photograph retrieved online


Photographer, F.M. (Photographer). (Year, Month Date of Publication). Title of Photograph [digital image]. Retrieved from URL


O’Shea, P. (Photographer). (2010, August 29). Rescued hedgehog [digital image]. Retrieved from

Citing Google Earth

In-text citation should contain, Map publisher, Year of issue in brackets.

In text:
(Google Earth, 2008)

Reference List should contain, Google Earth version (if applicable). Year data released. Image details - location, co-ordinates, elevation. Data set (if applicable). URL [Date viewed].

Reference List:
Google Earth 6.0. 2008. Hylands House and estates 51°42'39.17"N, 0°26'11.30"W, elevation 60M. 3D Buildings data layer, viewed 31 August 2011.<>.


Chicago Style

Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide 16th Ed
created by U. of Chicago 

Chicago Style 16th Ed
created by OWL Purdue 

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