Professional Societies in Physics play an important role not only in scholarly communication and serving the physics communities needs, but also in other public areas as well.
The role of these professional societies can range from publishing and organising conferences to affecting physics education, science policy, and public outreach. Publishing is the largest activity of Physics Societies followed by organization and implementation of scientific meetings and conferences.
Collaboration within research institutions and national laboratories is an integral part of scientific discovery, especially in the field of High Energy Physics.
National Laboratories benefit from grants and government funding, provide the tools and knowledge necessary for large experiments, host large repositories and engage in publishing, play roles in improving science education, policy, and outreach, and aid in facilitating international activities and collaborations.
Unites States of America