The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.
CERN does not have the computing or financial resources to store all of the data on site, so in 2002 it turned to grid computing to share the burden with computer centres around the world. The Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) – a distributed computing infrastructure arranged in tiers – gives a community of over 8000 physicists near real-time access to LHC data.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research, CERN, is a European research organization that operated the largest Particle Physics laboratory in the world. Founded in 1954, the labratory is composed of 21 member states and is located near Geneva on the Franco-Swiss border. Currently, most of the activities at CERN involve operating the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a worldwide scientific cooperation project using the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
GS-SIS - Scientific Information Service
The role of SIS is to:
Approximately 600 million times per second, particles collide within the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Each collision generates particles that often decay in complex ways into even more particles. Electronic circuits record the passage of each particle through a detector as a series of electronic signals, and send the data to the CERN Data Centre (DC) for digital reconstruction.
The digitized summary is recorded as a "collision event". Physicists must sift through the 30 petabytes or so of data produced annually to determine if the collisions have thrown up any interesting physics.
First hypothesized in 1964, the Higgs boson is thought to be the phenomenon that gives mass to all fundamental subatomic particles. Without mass, we would live in a very different place. Electrons, protons, and neutrons wouldn’t combine to form atoms, and you, me, and just about everything else simply wouldn’t exist.