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History Unfolded: Arizona Newspapers and the Holocaust

A collaborative project of ASU Library, Histo-News Club, Upward Bound, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum to discover what Americans knew about the Holocaust as it was happening

History Unfolded Newspaper Sprint 2020

Welcome to Histo-News first History Unfolded Newspaper Sprint. With the help of you and the community, we will discover what Arizonans knew about and how they responded to news of Nazi persecution. Please use the resources below to guide your research, we look forward to you discoveries!

Please use the hashtag #HistoryUnfolded and #HistoNews if you'd like to share any findings on Twitter

How to Participate

 1. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Event to Research

As an example, we are going to work on the Child Refugee Bill Fails in Senate event: Senator Robert Wagner withdrew support for his own bill after opponents amended it to maintain the existing immigration quota (February–July 1939). 

2. Create a History Unfolded Account

Go to and select “Create an Account”, then on your profile, select “Join a Group,” and select  “Arizona State University” from the dropdown menu (currently second on list). Return to your profile (top right) and leave this tab open. Open a new tab in your internet browser to complete Step 3.

3. Find Newspaper Articles 

We are going to research those Arizona newspapers that were digitized and made available online (see the box on the right).

Keywords to search: Wagner-Rogers, refugee, quota, immigration, German, Germany, Jews, Jewish, Senate, Robert Wagner, Edith Rogers, alien, children

Keywords in Spanish: Refugiados, Judios, Alemania, Europa, judio, Nazi

Dates to search

  • February 9–6, 1939: News articles about the Wagner-Rogers bill’s introduction in Congress.
  • June 30 –July 6, 1939: News articles about the Wagner-Rogers Bill stalling in the Senate Immigration Committee.
  • February–July 1939: News articles, editorials, op-eds, letters to the editor, and cartoons about the Wagner-Rogers bill.

Once your search produces results, click on the title of an article to view it. If this article seems relevant to the History Unfolded project, download the article (look for the page icon with a downward arrow or the “Download PDF” button, on the right upper side). 

Save the article to your desktop. Please save the file with the newspaper title [space] date [space] article title (e.g., “Chicago Defender 5-23-36 For or Against Nazism.”) Leave the ASU Library tab open and return to the History Unfolded tab to complete the final step.









What does Author/Byline mean? The byline gives the name of the author of the article. When completing this field, you should be considering the following:

  1. Is there a named author?
  2. Is there a wire service listed: AP, UP, or “by the Associated Press”?
  3. If neither of those appear, then and only then can you leave the field blank.

If there is a named author, you will usually find it directly below the article headline and sub-headline. For instance, in this Christian Scientist Monitor example below, Mary Hornaday wrote the article.

Named Author 

4. Upload Article(s) to History Unfolded Project

  1. From your profile page select "Submit an Article” and select your event.
  2. Enter the title of your newspaper. For the location, enter “Arizona State University Libraries,” then click “Save and continue”.
  3. Complete the article information. Click “Save and Continue”.
  4. On “Upload an Image” page select “Choose file” and find the article you downloaded (we are uploaded PDFs, so you can ignore the screenshot directions).
  5. Review the article information to make sure it is correct. In the comment box add a brief 1-2 sentence summary of what is important or interesting about this article. Click “submit article.” The submissions have to be approved by the project moderator, but should be visible as “published submissions” on your profile page in 1-2 days. 

Feel free to share your findings via Tweeter, using the hashtag #HistoryUnfolded.

Thank you!

Online Access to Arizona Newspapers

Most of the newspapers published in Arizona during the 1930s and 1940s are not available online, including major publications such as Arizona Republic.


The following digitized newspapers are the only ones available online at this point (listed the US Holocaust Museum page):  

     Chronicling American Newspapers: Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers: Search America's historic newspapers pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present.  States included in this essential and invaluable digital repository are:   Arizona;      For Further information concerning the history of American Newspapers, use the Library of Congress' US Newspaper Directory, 1690 - Present

  1. Prescott Evening Courier: This newspaper was published daily, except Sundays. Most issues are available for the years 1933–1945.
  2. El Tusconense: ​This Spanish-language newspaper was was published twice a week during the years 1933–1945.

Additional historic newspapers, including the Arizona Republic, are available on microfilm at ASU Library and the Arizona State Library. Researching microfilms must be done on site, with the aid of special readers.

Keywords:  Wagner-Rogers, refugee, quota, immigration, German, Germany, Jews, Jewish, Senate, Robert Wagner, Edith Rogers, alien, children

Keywords in Spanish: Refugiados, Judios, Alemania, Europa, judio, Nazi

Good News! University of Arizona to digitize more Arizona newspapers thanks to a $279,000 National Endowment for the Humanities grant. See announcement

Sprint Gallery

(L - R) Erin Alexander, Norma Owens, and Allinston Saulsberry

Norma Owens, Histo-News President, giving students instructions regarding the research procedures

Students researching in digitized local newspapers

Student submitting her research on the Child Refugee Bill Fails in Senate event

Histo-News Sprint Event giveaways

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-two Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.