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History Unfolded: Arizona Newspapers and the Holocaust

A collaborative project of ASU Library, Histo-News Club, Upward Bound, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum to discover what Americans knew about the Holocaust as it was happening

Digitized Arizona Newspapers, 1933–1945

 These newspapers were published during the period between 1933 and 1945 and are available online. Choose newspapers that were published during the event you are researching to ensure you can find articles.


English Language:

  1. The Arizona Gleam: Published in Phoenix, Arizona between 1929-1937, the Arizona Gleam was a weekly African-American centered newspaper that brought attention to problems in the black community and segregation at large.

  2. The Coolidge Examiner: Published in Coolidge, Arizona from 1930 to the present day, the Coolidge Examiner was a weekly publication that continues to exist. 

  3. The Phoenix Index: Published in Phoenix, Arizona between 1939 and 1942, the Phoenix Index was a weekly African-American run newspaper.

  4. The Prescott Evening Courier: Published in Prescott, Arizona between 1933 and 1945, the Prescott Evening Courier was published daily, except Sundays. 


Spanish Language:

  1. El Mensajero: Published in Phoenix, Arizona between 1925 and 1945, El Mensajero was a monthly publication focused on Phoenix, Maricopa County, and Hispanic Americans.

  2. El Sol: Published in Phoenix, Arizona between 1939 and 1981, El Sol was a weekly publication that focused on Phoenix, Hispanic Americans, and Mexicans.

El Tusconense: Published in Tucson, Arizona between 1933 and 1945, El Tusconense was published twice a week.

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-two Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.