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SOS 394: Rebuilding Puerto Rico

This guide is designed to promote students' research as they develop products in the Humanities Lab address the rebuilding of Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria struck in September 2017.


Efficiently researching all of the possible quality resources on Puerto Rico on the Web requires some finesse. Use some of these tips and tricks to get the best out of Google and Google Scholar. 


A well used quote can increase the quality of your search results. Why? Because it will search for the words between quotes next as a phrase on a web page, not just anywhere they exist on a web page. 

google search "no quotesgoogle search results with quotes

google search with text

Searching by File Type

Government agencies and non-governmental organizations often write reports in the years following a natural disaster. PDF (portable document format) is one of the most common format for these kinds of reports. 

filetype:pdf "hurricane maria" 

filetype:html "hurricane maria" 

filetype:docx  "puerto rico" power grid

Searching by Type of Webpage

Limit your search by a specific kind of site. Nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, U.S. Government agency, military, educational institutions can all have valuable information for research though each will hold a particular kind of bias.

Add the following to a search to limit to a type of website.    non-governmental organization websites such as the United Nations, Amnesty International, Unicef, etc.   U.S. Government website   College/University websites, be cautious of addresses including a tilde as those are individual websites at a university.     Military websites

Word Location

The location of the words you are trying to find can also impact the effectiveness of your search.

Too many search results? Too many results off topic? This search would find results with the phrases electric grid and puerto rico in the TITLE rather than anywhere on the website. 

allintitle:"electric grid" allintitle:"puerto rico"    

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