Skip to main content
LibApps staff login

Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Citing Generative AI Models

Before using generative AI in a course or research project, consult with your professor/instructor and the ASU Provost's Academic Integrity webpage.

If you are permitted to use generative AI and you reuse or paraphrase information from a generative AI program and/or use it to fine-tune your writing, you should acknowledge this fact.

Many citation styles are attempting to provide guidance as to whether and how ChatGPT and other generative artificial intelligence technologies should be cited. Just as these technologies are rapidly changing, you should anticipate that the citation guidance below may change. Be sure to check back regularly for any updates.

Citing Generative AI Models

Links to guidance: ChatGPT and DALL-E

IEEE has not yet provided guidance for citing generative AI technologies. Many libraries are suggesting that the interaction be cited as a personal communication because it considered a non-recoverable source (the prompt and response cannot be saved and shared with others; similar searches would generate a different results for someone else). The artificial intelligence should be referenced in text but does not need to be included in a reference list.

In-text example:

Modern research tools lead to better results (OpenAI's ChatGPT, private communication, 10 March 2023).

Reference list:

You do not need to include an entry in the reference list.

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.