Discussing open access is not limited to publishing models and researchers' final peer-reviewed work. Open access includes the accompanying data and information essential to the research lifecycle. As outlined by the Open Knowledge Foundation, open access involves the "openness" of all knowledge to develop a robust commons for universal participation. Terms such as "open data," "open science," and "open source" encompass the surrounding material that are vital to researchers' work.
Open Data: Each day humanity generates 2.5 quintillion bytes of data, with 90% of the data created in the past two years (IBM, 2013). From such a rich trove comes the power to inspire data-driven decisions and real-time information. To openly access, share, and re-use data unlocks a wealth of knowledge.
Open Source: Originally open source applied to the creation of computer programs. Software code was freely available to be redistributed and modified. Today, however, "open source" designates a broader set of values. Open source projects, products, or initiatives embrace and celebrate principles of open exchange, collaborative participation, rapid prototyping, transparency, meritocracy, and community-oriented development.--www.opensource.com
The following talk gives a short introduction to open science, and an explanation of why it’s so important for our society.
This video is a simple explanation of how open source projects manage change as well as the structure, roles, and terminology of open source software.