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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Who Should Use APA Citation Style?

American Psychological Association Style or APA Style is generally used by disciplines within the Social Sciences.

Disciplines Using APA Style Include But Are Not Limited to:

  • Business
  • Communication
  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Education
  • Nursing
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Social Work

Online Sources for APA Style

APA Style  

This tutorial developed by the ASU Library is a good starting point for learning about APA Style. APA Citation Style.

The official APA website offers limited free assistance with APA Style. Following are several links to sections of the APA website with Style information.

APA Style: Learning APA Style
Consult the site's FAQ 

APA Style Blog
Blog offers opportunities to ask citation style questions and get help from the APA community especially when the answer cannot be found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.



These online sources are helpful in resolving citation style questions, however, they are not the official APA Style guide but rather an interpretation of the citation style and may be prone to inaccuracies. Always consult the official style manual first for the most accurate information.

APA Formatting and Style Guide
OWL - the Purdue (University) Online Writing Lab.

APA Style: The Social Sciences (Documenting Sources)
Research and Documentation Online, 5th ed., by Diana Hacker.


How to Use this Guide

This guide is divided into several sections.  The main APA page provides an overview of this citation style, who should use it and identifies print and online sources. The three additional sections discuss the basic guidelines and changes for using APA style, 6th ed. in the reference list including when to capitalize & italicize words, indention & spacing etc.; using in-text citations, and lastly, provides examples of how different resources are formatted in APA.

Publication Manual of the APA

Citation styles change over time; the advent of the Internet and the increasing number at material types [e.g. web pages, e-journals etc.) have contributed to some of these changes. When using a specific citation style be sure to use a resource such as the style manual or website that reflects the current edition.

Print copies of the most current edition are available in the following ASU Library locations:

Design Reserve Downtown Reserve [2 copies]
Hayden Reserve [3 copies] Music Reference
Polytechnic Reserve [2 copies] Polytechnic Reference
High Density Storage Collection  Thunderbird Stacks
West (Fletcher) Reserve [2 copies] West (Fletcher) Reference

Guides to Using APA Style

Hours and Locations