This library guide is intended to support the research needs of students and faculty who need information about:
when to cite a source
what citation style to use
how to create citations
This library guide will give an overview of several of the most frequently used citation styles as well as provide resources for additional styles used within the scientific disciplines. Official style guides will provide documentation on styles and give examples of how individual associations, journals, or publishers format citations, bibliographies, and footnotes.
How to Use This Guide
Use the tabs along the side of this guide to assist you in finding the relevant information.
Individual citation styles that are used across multiple disciplines (e.g. APA, MLA) warrant individual tabs with more detailed information.
Multiple disciplines like Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, and Nursing use citation styles that are unique to them. A list of some of these specific citation styles can be found under the "More Citation Styles" tab of this guide. Note: Subject library guides will also include citation information (e.g. Nursing subject guide).
When & Why You Should Cite the Sources You Use
Why should you cite sources?
Citations credit the author of the original work who provided you with the information or idea.
Citations allow your audience to identify and find the source material in order to learn about your topic.
Citations give your paper more credibility because it shows you're supporting your arguments with high-quality sources.
Citations help you avoid plagiarism and demonstrate your integrity as a responsible researcher and participant in your field of study.
When should you cite sources?
Information that contributed to your thoughts, analysis or synthesis of ideas should be cited. Following are examples of when you should always cite your sources.
Direct quotes of more than one word; the author’s words are used to make your argument
Paraphrase someone's ideas by putting the idea or words into your own words
Summarize someone else's ideas or thoughts
Information that generally may be considered common knowledge but is not familiar to your reader including statistical information
Information you are not sure should be cited should be cited to avoid plagiarism
Selecting a Citation Style
Deciding which specific citation style to use depends on several factors:
What style is most used in the discipline for which you are writing
What style is recommended or required by your instructor, department, school, or college
Always confirm with the instructor as to what specific citation style and style guide edition is allowed/required for the course or assignment
What style is required by the editor, association, or other source in which you are submitting a document for publication
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