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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Using These Examples

The examples provided are the most commonly cited types of sources such as books, articles in journals, magazines & newspapers, and miscellaneous sources including conferences, web pages, media & other electronic resources.


No Author or Editor - Reference Book :
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA:  Merriam-Webster.

One Author:
Stot, J. C. (1995).  Native Americans in children's literature. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Two Authors:
Druin, A., & Solomon, C. (1996). Designing multimedia environments for children. New York, NY: J. Wiley & Sons.

Subsequent Edition:
Bace, L., & Cervantes, H. T. (2004). The bilingual special education interface (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N. J.: Merrill Prentice


Edited Book:
Dunlap, L. L. (Ed.). (1997).  An introduction to early childhood special education.  Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Chapter in an Edited Book:
Greenberg, S. (1998). Collaborative interfaces for the web. In C. Forsythe & E. Grose (Eds.), Human factors and web development

(pp. 241-253). Mahweh, NJ: Erlbaum.

Electronic Book:
McCarver, P.L. (2001). History of New England honey bees.  Retrieved from

Corporate Author:
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. (2009).  Beyond boundaries: A year in review, 2008. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.


Journals, Magazines and Newspapers

Magazine, No Author, from a Printed Source:
Unsnarling the I-way traffic jams. (1998, January 12). Business Week, p. 87.

Magazine from a Printed Source:
Sachs, A. (2010, March 8). The untold war: Inside the hearts, minds, and souls of our soldiers. Time, 175(9), 18.

Online Magazine Article:
Bower, B. (2008, Feb. 9). Dawn of the city: Excavations prompt a revolution in thinking about the earliest cities. Science News,

173(6), 90-92. Retrieved from

Journal Article from a Printed Source:
Gallegos, B., & Rillero, P. (1996). Bibliographic database competencies for preservice teachers. Journal of Technology and Teacher

Education, 4(3/4), 231-246.

Journal Article with 8 or More Authors [also with doi]:
Witek, M., Węglarz, W. P., de Jong, L., van Dalen, G., Blonk, J. C. G., Heussen, P.,Van Duynhoven, J. (2010). The structural and

hydration properties of heat-treated rice studied at multiple length scales. Food Chemistry, 120(4), 1031-1040.

doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.11.043

Online Journal Article with DOI:
Humphrey, M., & Hourcade, J. J. (2010). Special educators and mathematics phobia: An initial qualitative investigation. Clearing

House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, 83(1), 26-30. doi: 10.1080/00098650903267743

Online Journal Article without DOI:
Villarreal, M. A. (2006). Finding our place: Reconstructing community through oral history.The Oral History Review, 33(2), 45-64.

Retrieved from

Online Newspaper Article :
Newton, C. (2010, Feb. 15). Driving-while-texting ban advances Senate. The Arizona Republic.

Retrieved from

Newspaper from Print Source:
Pearson, S. L. (1997, June 5). Why Johnny can't play. The Arizona Republic, p. HL1.

Other Types of Sources

ERIC Document:
Di Fatta, J., Garcia, S., & Gorman, S. (2009). Increasing student learning in mathematics with the use of collaborative teaching

strategies. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED504828).

Conference Paper
Gallegos, B., Allgood, T.,  &  Gondin, K. (2007, May). Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project.  Paper presented at the

national conference of LOEX, San Diego.

Conference Proceedings
Gallegos, B., Allgood, T., Grondin, K. (2009). Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project. In Sietz, B. & Valko, T. (Eds.).

Uncharted Waters: Tapping the Depths of Our Community to Enchance Learning. Thirty-fifth National LOEX Library

Instruction Conference Proceedings, San Diego, CA, May 3-5, 2007. (pp. 133-138). Ypsilanti. MI: LOEX Press.

Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount


Hancock, M. (Producer/Director). (2008?). Imaging possibilities for public education [DVD]. Derry, NH: Chip Taylor Communications.

Music Recording:
Jackson, M. (1982).  Beat it. On Thriller [CD]. New York: Sony Music.

Entire Website:
If citing the entire website no entry is required in Reference List if you put the web address in the text of your paper:

The website Learn Spanish has a free translator, and tutorials to help you learn to speak and write Spanish.


Personal Communication (e.g. email, interview etc.):
Personal communications are not included in the Reference List but should be cited within the text of the paper: (S. Johnson,

personal communication, March 1, 2010).

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.