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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Academic Integrity & Plagiarism Defined

Academic integrity and plagiarism are concerns of the utmost importance to university faculty, administrators, librarians, academic advisors, and writing center and tutoring staff. The short, straightforward definitions of academic integrity and plagiarism are meant to assist persons interested in understanding more about these issues.

Academic Integrity:
Most sources define academic integrity (or academic honesty) as the foundation for academic life. It is the manner in which you behave in an academic environment when you are researching, writing a paper or creating a project. The fundamental five values in this academic process are honesty, trust, respect, fairness, and responsibility. Academic integrity is the commitment to live by these values. Plagiarism is an aspect of academic integrity in that using another's ideas, words, theories, illustrations, opinions or facts without credit is dishonest.
Using or stealing someone else's ideas, words or products as your own ideas, without giving credit to the author or originator, is considered plagiarism. Summarizing or paraphrasing the words or ideas of another person without credit is also considered plagiarism. When using or quoting the words of another person, it must always be acknowledged. 

ASU Policies

ASU discusses the issue of what academic integrity is and how violations are addressed in the Student Code of Conduct. ASU Graduate Education policies and procedures on academic integrity and plagiarism are discussed in detail on their webpage: ASU Graduate Policies and Procedures.

Plagiarism is the most common form of academic dishonesty. The university defines plagiarism as "using another's words, ideas, materials or work without properly acknowledging and documenting the source. Students are responsible for knowing the rules governing the use of another's work or materials and for acknowledging and documenting the source appropriately" (ASU, 2010).

Academic Integrity: Avoiding Plagiarism

One of the most common and unintentional violations of academic integrity is plagiarism. It is acceptable and common practice to present other authors’ ideas in your work. None of us can be original all of the time, and it lends credibility when you integrate other scholars’ ideas into your work. The key is to do this properly!

To avoid plagiarism when borrowing from another source, follow these rules: 

Rule 1: Paraphrase your Source
One common way to incorporate others’ ideas is to paraphrase. Paraphrasing is restating ideas from an original source using your own voice while also giving credit to the original source.

Rule 2: Quote your Source
Another common way to incorporate another person’s ideas is through direct quotation. Direct quotation is an extended word-for-word duplication of an author’s original writing. Direct quotation also requires that you give credit to the original source.

Rule 3: Cite your Source = Give Credit to your Source
When you paraphrase or quote someone else's work, you must cite your source in TWO places:

1)    Within your paragraph. This is called an “in-text citation.”
Your in-text citation includes brief information a reader will need to find the complete reference in your list of sources such as the author, date or page numbers.


2)    At the end of your paper in a list of sources. Depending on the citation style, this list is called “References,” “Works Cited,” or “Bibliography.”
All the sources in your list must include the complete information needed to identify and retrieve that source (author’s name, title of work, date of publication, URL, etc.).

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.