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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Using These Examples

The examples provided are the most commonly cited types of sources such as books, articles in journals, magazines & newspapers, and miscellaneous sources including conferences, web pages, media & other electronic resources. 

Note: While these examples do not include numbers at the beginning of each entry, be sure to include numbers corresponding to each citation's appearance in the text. Do not order reference entries alphabetically!


Entire Book:
Erickson CK. The Science of Addiction: From Neurobiology to Treatment. W.W. Norton & Co.; 2007.

Group Author:
JAMA Network of Editors. AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 11th ed. Oxford University Press; 2019.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Addressing the Long-Term Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children and Families. The National Academies Press; 2023. Accessed January 4, 2024.

Book Chapter (online):
Williams LM, Gordon E. Personalized medicine and integrative neuroscience: Toward consensus markers for disorders of brain health. In: Gordon E, Koslow SH, eds. Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine. Oxford University Press; 2011:25-52. Accessed January 4, 2024. 

Encyclopedia, dictionary, pharmacopeia entry:
Wholihan D, Sherman DW. Palliative care. In: Siegler EL, Capezuti E, Mezey MD, eds. The Encyclopedia of Elder Care: The Comprehensive Resource on Geriatric and Social Care. 2nd ed. Springer; 2007:606-610. Accessed January 4, 2024.

Journals, Magazines and Newspapers

Scholarly Journal Article (print):
Guo X, Ma Y, Min Y, et al. Progress and prospect of technical and regulatory challenges on tissue-engineered cartilage as therapeutic combination product. Bioact Mater. 2022;20:501-518

Scholarly Journal Article (online):
Upton N. Developing our understanding of nutrition in depression. Br J Nutr. 2021;127(7):1010-1017.  doi:10.1017/S0007114521001744

Scholarly Journal Article (more than 6 authors):
Magee T, Peters C, Jacobsen SM, et al. Inequities in the treatment of opioid use disorder: A scoping review. J Subst Use Addict Treat. 2023;152:209082. doi:10.1016/j.josat.2023.209082

Magazine Article (print):
Bush GW. Better health care in Africa must go beyond HIV. For the U.S., it’s a cause that advances our interests and our ideals. TIME Magazine. 2015;186(15):34.

Magazine Article (online):
Jackson A. Duolingo cuts 10% of workforce to prioritise AI development. AI Magazine. January 14, 2024. Accessed January 17, 2024.

Newspaper Article (print):
Bohra N. Refashioning hearing aids. New York Times. May 9, 2023:D1.

Newspaper Article: (online):
Lupi G. 1,374 days: My life with long COVID. New York Times. December 14, 2023. Accessed January 17, 2024.

Other Types of Sources

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. The value of engagement. Updated April 24, 2023. Accessed January 4, 2024.

Conference Paper:
Maddox S, Hurling J, Stewart E, Edwards A. If mama ain't happy, nobody's happy: the effect of parental depression on mood dysregulation in children. Paper presented at: Southeastern Psychological Association 62nd Annual Meeting; March 30-April 2, 2016; New Orleans, LA.

Conference Proceedings:
Mio R, Sánchez M, Valverde Q. Mechanical testing methods for body-powered upper-limb prostheses: A review. Proceedings - IEEE 18th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE). October 29-31, 2018;170-176. Taichung, Taiwan. 

Report or White Paper:
White paper: Recognizing and managing bias | ASHRM. Published July 26, 2022. Accessed February 1, 2024.

Online Video:
UT Southwestern Medical Center. Epilepsy monitoring unit patient orientation video. December 14, 2023. Accessed January 5, 2024. 

Multimedia Image:
UCF Libraries. Research lifecycle and University of Central FL. Infographic. University of Central Florida. Updated June 23, 2017. Accessed January 5, 2024. 
Note: Cite an image similar to a website citation.

Generative AI Software:
Since this is considered an unpublished work, only include an in-text citation with the following format:
(Name of AI Tool, type of communication, Month DD, YYYY)

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.