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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Using These Examples

The examples provided are the most commonly cited types of sources such as books, articles in journals, magazines & newspapers, and miscellaneous sources including conferences, web pages, media & other electronic resources. The examples shown here are based on the Chicago Style Manual, 16th ed., 2010  available online and in print.



No Author or Editor - Reference Book:
College Bound Seniors. Princeton: College Board Publications, 1979.  

Entry in a Reference Work:
Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed. S.v. "Wales."

One Author:
Whitehead, Laurence. Latin America: A New Interpretation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Two Authors:
Restall, Matthew, and Kris Lane. Latin America in Colonial Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Subsequent Edition:
 Black, Jan Knippers, ed. Latin America, Its Problems and Its Promise: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. 4th ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2005.

Edited Book:
McPherson, Alan, ed. Anti-Americanism in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Berghahn Books, 2006.

Electronic Book:
Gallagher, Gary W., and Alan T. Nolan, eds. The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000. Accessed October 19, 2012.

Corporate Author:
National Council of Teachers of English.  Adventuring with Books; 2,400 Titles for Pre-K-Grade 8. New York: Citation Press, 1973.

Anthology or Compilation:
Sherow, James E., ed.  A Sense of the American West: An Anthology of Environmental History. Boston: Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.

Chapter in a Book:
Huxham, Chris. “Collaboration and Collaborative Advantage.” In Creating Collaborative Advantage, edited by Chris Huxham, 1-18. London: Sage, 1996.

Journals, Magazines & Newspapers

Magazine, No Author, from a Printed Source:
"Unsnarling the I-way Traffic Jams." Business Week, January 12, 1998, 87.


Magazine from a Print Source:

Ezzell, Carol. "Care for a Dying Continent." Scientific American, May 2000.

Magazine Article from an Online Database:

Bunce, Valerie. "Rethinking Recent Democritization: Lessons from the Postcommunist Experience." World Politics 55, no. 2 (2003): 167-192.

Journal Article from a Print Source:

Gallegos, Bee, and Peter Rillero. "Bibliographic Database Competencies for Preservice Teachers." Journal of Technology and Teacher Education 4(1996): 231-246.

Journal Article from an Online Journal:

Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 405–50. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247.

Online Journal Article from Web:

Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. 2009. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology 115:405–50. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247.

Newspaper Article from an Online Database:

Bent, Henry E. "Professionalization of the Ph.D. Degree.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 0-145. Accessed December 5, 2008.

Online Newspaper Article from Web:

Newton, Carl. “Driving-while-texting ban advances Senate.” The Arizona Republic, February 15, 2010.

Newspaper from Print Source:

Arizona Republic. “Why Johnny Can't Play.”   June 5, 1997.



Other Types of Sources

Conference Paper:
Gallegos, Bee, Tammy Allgood, and Karen Grondin. “Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project.” Paper presented at the Thirty-fifth National LOEX Library Instruction Conference, San Diego, CA, May 5-7, 2007.

Film, Video or DVD:
Joe Versus the Volcano. Directed by John Patrick Shanley. 1990. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2002. DVD.


Sound Recording:

Pink Floyd. Atom Heart Mother. Capitol CDP 7 46381 2, 1990, compact disc. Originally released in 1970.

Entire Website:

Google. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11, 2009.



Richard Jones, e-mail to Connie Reynolds, July 10, 2012.



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