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Citation Styles

Help with different citation styles including how to format citations.

Using These Examples

The examples provided are the most commonly cited types of sources such as books, articles in journals, magazines & newspapers, and miscellaneous sources including conferences, web pages, media & other electronic resources.


There are two forms of citations: the notes-bibliography style [used more in the humanities] and the parenthetical citations-reference list style [used in most of the social sciences].  The list of sources used in the bibliography style appears to look more akin to the MLA Style while sources in the reference style are more similar to APA Style. The examples in this LibGuide are the parenthetical citations-reference list style.


No Author or Editor - Reference Book :
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 10th ed.  Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster,

One Author:

Stot, Jon C.  Native Americans in Children's Literature. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1995.


Two Authors:
Druin, Allison and Cynthia Solomon. Designing Multimedia Environments for Children. New York, NY: J. Wiley & Sons,

Subsequent Edition:
Bace, Leonard  and Hermes, T. Cervantes. The Bilingual Special Education Interface. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N. J.: Merrill Prentice Hall, 2004.

Edited Book:
Dunlap, Linda L, ed. An Introduction to Early Childhood Special Education.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon,

Chapter in an Edited Book:
Greenberg, Samuel.  "Collaborative Interfaces for the Web." In Human Factors and Web Development, ed. Chris Forsythe, Eric Grose and Julie Ratner, 241-253. Mahweh, NJ: Erlbaum, 1998.
Electronic Book:
Bederman, David J. The Classical Foundations of the American Constitution. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 2008. (accessed August 9, 2010).

Corporate Author:
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Beyond Boundaries: A Year in Review, 2008.
      Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 2009.

Journals, Magazines, Newspapers

Magazine, No Author, from a Printed Source:
"Unsnarling the I-way Traffic Jams."  Business Week,
12 January 1998, 87.


Magazine from a Printed Source:
Sachs, Andrew.  "The Untold War: Inside the Hearts, Minds, and Souls of Our Soldiers." Time,
8 March 2010, 18.


Online Magazine Article:

Bower, Brandon. "Dawn of the City: Excavations Prompt a Revolution in Thinking About the Earliest Cities." Science News, 9 Feb. 2008. (accessed August 9, 2010).


Journal Article from a Printed Source:

Gallegos, Bee and Peter Rillero.  "Bibliographic Database Competencies for Preservice Teachers." Journal of Technology and Teacher  Education 4, no. 3 (1996): 231-246. 


Online Journal Article:

Villarreal, Mark.  "Finding Our Place: Reconstructing Community Through Oral History." The Oral History Review 33, no. 2 (2006): (accessed August 9, 2010).


Newspaper from Print Source:
Pearson, Susan. L.  "Why Johnny Can't Play." The Arizona Republic, 5 June 1997.


Online Newspaper Article:
Newton, Charles. "Driving-While-Texting Ban Advances Senate." The Arizona Republic. 15 Feb.
2010:             (accessed August 9, 2010).

Other Types Of Sources

Book Review
Rockland, James K. Review of The American Dream, by Jonathan Davies. History Journal 12, no. 1 (22 April 2000): 32-33.

Conference Paper
Gallegos, Bee, Tammy Allgood and Karen Gondin. "Quarantined: The Fletcher Library Game Project."  Paper presented at the         
    national conference of LOEX, San Diego, CA., May 3-6, 2007. 

Killing Us Softly: Advertising’s Image of Women. DVD. Directed by Sut Jhally and Jean Kilbourne. Northampton, MA: Media
      Education Foundation, 2010.

Music Recording:
Jackson, Michael.  Off The Wall. New York: Sony Music. 25-3P-149. CD.

Entire Website:
Study Languages, LLC.  "Learn Spanish." (accessed 20 July 2010).

Interviews and Personal Communication (listed as a note rather than a citation):
Sandra Johnson, email to author, March 1, 2010.

The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.