Montezuma’s papers remained in the custody of his widow, Mary Keller Montezuma Moore. Following her death in 1956, the record of trusteeship is interrupted. The collection reappeared in an auction house in Huntsville, Alabama in 1971. Ultimately, in 1972, the papers were purchased by the Wisconsin History Foundation who donated them to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
The materials contained in the above collection were obtained from over forty repositories throughout the United States, as well as from more than sixty newspapers and periodicals. Every reasonable effort was made to recover Dr. Montezuma’s statements from the press and periodical literature and to search for lost correspondence. ASUs manuscript collection is mentioned in the guide in addition to those at the Arizona Historical Society, Tucson, and Arizona State Library and Archives, Phoenix,
Composed of correspondence, speeches, printed material and financial records documenting the life of an urban physician and Indian rights activist. The bulk of the collection deals with Montezuma’s activism from1887-1992. Copies of his periodical, Wassaja: Freedom’s Signal for the Indians, are included in the collection.
Contains research materials used for his books on Carlos Montezuma (see above). Included are numerous photographs and copies of Wassaja.
NOTE: Paper guides to the following collections are available both in the Arizona and Labriola collections in the Department of Archives & Special Collections, ASU Library. However, full guides from both ASU and the University of Arizona, may be printed from “Arizona Archives Online” at http://aao.lib.asu.edu/index.html
Iverson was first to write a full-length biography on this Indian activist. He noted that Montezuma stressed adaptation to the cultural mainstream, an approach that could often stir controversy. He wrote a good deal about his work in the field of water rights.
Here is the most recent of the many publications covering Montezuma’s life. The author has gone into great detail and has included for the first time, original material held by Leon Summit of New York. The material was ultimately microfilmed as Supplement to the Papers of Carlos Montezuma, M.D.
Chicago’s Newberry Library has the only known original copies of Montezuma’s periodical, Wassaja. Photocopies of issues of Wassaja are included in both the Iverson Collection (LAB MSS-165, Labriola Center, ) and the Montezuma Collection (CM MSS-60, Archives & Special Collections, ).
Microfilm versions are located at ASU Library,
Northern Arizona University, FILM #460, reel 5;
University of Arizona, FILM 6948.
Carlos Montezuma , physician and Indian rights activist, was born near Four Peaks in the Superstition Mountains of Central Arizona about 1866. He was the son of Yavapai Indians, Co-cu-ye-va and Thil-ge-ya, but was captured by Pima Indians and then sold to Carlos Gentile, who gave him his Anglo name. Gentile took him to Washington, DC and then to Chicago, where he received a public school education, and later was awarded a degree from the University of Illinois. He received his medical education from Northwestern University, and established a private practice in Chicago. He founded the journal, Wassaja, in 1916, which addressed issues dealing with Indian rights. He ultimately returned to Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, where he died in 1923.
The ASU Library acknowledges the twenty-three Native Nations that have inhabited this land for centuries. Arizona State University's four campuses are located in the Salt River Valley on ancestral territories of Indigenous peoples, including the Akimel O’odham (Pima) and Pee Posh (Maricopa) Indian Communities, whose care and keeping of these lands allows us to be here today. ASU Library acknowledges the sovereignty of these nations and seeks to foster an environment of success and possibility for Native American students and patrons. We are advocates for the incorporation of Indigenous knowledge systems and research methodologies within contemporary library practice. ASU Library welcomes members of the Akimel O’odham and Pee Posh, and all Native nations to the Library.