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American Indian Studies

This page is a starting point for all students researching American Indian issues. This guide is created by the Labriola National American Indian Data Center.

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NOTE: Paper guides to the following collections are available both in the Arizona and Labriola collections in the Department of Archives & Special Collections, ASU Library. However, full guides from both ASU and the University of Arizona, may be printed from “Arizona Archives Online” at



Carlos Montezuma , physician and Indian rights activist, was born near Four Peaks in the Superstition Mountains of Central Arizona about 1866. He was the son of Yavapai Indians, Co-cu-ye-va and Thil-ge-ya, but was captured by Pima Indians and then sold to Carlos Gentile, who gave him his Anglo name. Gentile took him to Washington, DC and then to Chicago, where he received a public school education, and later was awarded a degree from the University of Illinois. He received his medical education from Northwestern University, and established a private practice in Chicago. He founded the journal, Wassaja, in 1916, which addressed issues dealing with Indian rights. He ultimately returned to Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, where he died in 1923.

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Joyce Martin
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